Facts about Greece

Facts about Greece

Geography

Size and Location
A peninsular country of 131,940 sq km (water: 1,140 sq km, land: 130,800 sq km), possessing an archipelago of about 2,000 islands in Southern Europe.

Area - comparative
slightly smaller than Alabama

Coastline
Mild climate with wet winters, hot and dry summers

Terrain
Mostly mountains (highest point: Mount Olympus 2,917 m) with ranges extending into the sea as peninsulas or chains of islands

Population

Population
10,775,557 (July 2014 est.)

Age structure
0-14 years: 14.1% (male 781,151; female: 735,444)
15-24 years: 9.8% (male 537,849/female 515,359)
25-54 years: 43.2% (male 2,321,709/female 2,337,502)
55-64 years: 12.7% (male 670,270/female 694,399)
65 years and over: 20.2% (male 954,605/female 1,227,269) (2014 est.)

Life expectancy
Total Population: 80.3 years - Male: 77.71 years - Female: 83.06 years (2014 est.)

Nationality
Noun: Greek(s)

Religions
Greek Orthodox 98%.Freedom of religion is guaranteed by the Constitution and other religious groups have their own places of worship.

Languages
Greek 99% (official), English, French. The Greek language used today originates directly from the language of Homer and the literature of Classical Greece, but it has also radically changed throughout the centuries adapting to the progress of historical conditions. The most ancient written monuments of the Greek language date back to the 15th century BC and are records of Linear B' - the syllabary writing system used in the Mycenaean Greece from the 15th up to the 13th century BC. We also have records of many literary works in the Greek language from the 1st millennium BC.

The Greek language has influenced hundreds of languages in the world. The percentage of the English vocabulary deriving from the Greek language is 12%. The Greek language is the basis for thousands of terms used in science, mathematics and technology.

Literacy
Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97.7% - male: 98.5%, female: 96.9% (2015 est.)

Statistics
Approximately 34,000 Greeks were studying abroad in 2013. For 2013-2014, 2,170 Greeks were studying in the United States, (635 undergraduate students; 1,125 graduate students; 410 other)

Government

Country name
Conventional long form: Hellenic Republic, conventional short form: Greece - local short form: Ellas or Ellada

Government type
Parliamentary Republic

Capital
Athens

National holiday
Independence Day, 25 March (1821)

Executive branch
Chief of state: President Prokopis PAVLOPOULOS (since 13 March 2015)
Head of government: Prime Minister Alexios TSIPRAS (since 26 January 2015)
Cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minister

Legislative branch
Unicameral Parliament - 300 members are elected by direct popular vote to serve four-year terms - elections: elections last held 25 January 2015 – voting: universal and compulsory

Judicial branch
Supreme Judicial Court; Special Supreme Tribunal; all judges appointed for life by the president after consultation with a judicial council

European Union
Greece joined the European Union in 1981

Currency
euro (EUR) -note: on 1 January 2002, the euro became the sole currency for everyday transactions within the member countries

Exchange rates
1 euro = 1.08 U.S. dollar (July 2015)

 


SOURCES:, U.S. Department of State, Area Handbook of the US Library of Congress - The Naftemporiki newspaper- IIE Open Doors 2013-2014 – The Ministry of Foreign Affairs – The World Factbook - UNESCO – Institute for Statistics

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